A number of cancers are influenced by our vegetable consumption
Fruit and vegetable consumption seems to have differing effects, and depends on the type of cancer for its impact. For example, cancer of the pharynx, larynx, oesophagus, stomach and colorectum are all influenced by fruit and vegetable consumption, whereas breast and prostate cancer are less influenced by vegetable consumption directly. That said, many types of cancer are influenced by the presence (or lack thereof) of obesity. Maintaining a healthy body weight, which is often through consumption of fruit and vegetables can help with reducing the risk of a number of other types of cancer, such as breast, pancreatic and endometrial cancer.
Fruit and vegetables provide fibre, vitamins, minerals, antioxidants and phytochemicals such as flavonoids, carotenoids and lignans. Rather than individual nutrients, consuming these as part of whole foods is thought to provide a more protective effect than singling out individual nutrients. That said, lycopene, found in tomato, can help reduce risk of prostate cancer. Also, these foods have low energy density, making it easier for consumers to fill up, feel satisfied, and better manage their weight.
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